The Museum of Natural History of the Territory of the University of Pisa (Museo di Storia Naturale e del Territorio dell'Università di Pisa) is yet another noteworthy edifice housed by the Pisa Charterhouse, an establishment also referred to as the Calci Charterhouse, nearby the city of Pisa as such. This museum is interesting both as to the history of the Charterhouse and to its exhibits related to natural history proper.

Thus, the Charterhouse is related to the troubled past the Carthusian monks who, by force of historic circumstances, were forced to move their residence in Calci in early 15th century, but the only features reminding of such moments are the Baroque style of the establishment and a Bernardino Poccetti’s fresco in the refectory of the former monastery rendering the last supper. The University of Pisa thought the Charterhouse was the perfect spot for housing its Natural History Museum which, for that matter, started to take shape during the 16th century. Consequently, its collection was moved to the Calci Charterhouse. The main highlights of this museum refer to the cetacean skeletons it exhibits which form one the largest collection of this kind in Europe.